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Case study 

Thinking about the bigger picture

 

Case introduction

Sophie consulted The Implant Centre (TIC) with multiple issues. On one hand, there were aesthetic inconsistencies that occurred through gum loss around an old tooth-borne bridge which had caused feelings of insecurity about her smile. On the other, she was also concerned with tissue loss around both laterals and, to her alarm, mild pain on the 12 tooth.

During an in-depth consultation, she had to be informed that the 12 tooth wasn’t viable at all anymore and that the 22 tooth was also impacted. In agreement with her, it was decided that a four-unit implant-retained bridge was the best course of action.

This case confronted the technical team with circumstances that may be much more variable than usual because grafting procedures do not have a 100 percent predictable outcome. It required the team to calculate correctly which outcome to anticipate from the bone grafting process and at the same time use its adaptability to deal with unforeseen results. The team also had to be prepared to work on the restoration while the patient was waiting in the chair, a particular challenge involving time pressure and careful planning around availabilities for the whole team.

Process

Case planning meeting

In an agreement between the lab and surgical team, the treatment plan was decided upon taking into account Sophie’s wishes. Because of the healing and integration periods, the whole team agreed that temporary restorative measures were in order, aware that these would have to be adaptable throughout the course of treatment at the patient appointments – specifically to accommodate the placement of healing caps at a later time – until being replaced by the final restoration.

Pre-surgery laboratory work

In preparation for the extraction upon the first visit, CDL had been asked by the prescribing surgeon to manufacture a three-unit immediate denture. The temporary restoration was designed to fulfil requirements which were established in cooperation between the surgical and technical teams: the denture had to be designed in keeping with Sophie’s natural tooth position, but also the anticipation of bone grafting procedures prior to further treatment had to be accounted for.

1.first-assesment

Surgery and bone graft

At the appointment, the 12 and 21 teeth were extracted and a bone graft placed in the sockets. The sockets were closed and the denture fitted. The temporary immediate denture made available for the patient at this appointment incorporated healing space allowing the bone graft to take and the sutures not to get dislodged.

2.tooth-extraction
3.immediate-temp-denture
4.implant placement copy
5.sulcus-formers-and-suchers

Refinement and adaptation

About eight weeks later the patient returned for a check confirming successful implant integration. With the socket having healed well, Sophie was ready for the next step: sulcus formers removed, scan flags were placed and a trios IOS scan generated.

At this stage, the lab could see from analysing the scan and pre-planning imagery that angled screw access abutments would be needed to make screw retained restorations achievable, that were as close to the natural dentition as Sophie wanted it. This meant that standard impressions were needed – as a prerequisite for Atlantis ASAs to be designed and manufactured.

6.second-temp-denture
7.scan-flags-for-trios

The model scans were sent to Atlantis, along with a scan of the prosthetic envelope, for their technicians to work on. These designs are always checked and modified by a senior CDL technician before being approved for manufacture. After approval of the core file with the finalised abutment design is downloaded in the lab 3Shape design software, allowing CDL to start the virtual bridge design around them. Once the abutments are received in the lab they are placed on the model.

At this point the zirconia bridge, which had been milled in the meanwhile using the lab-own milling machine, is checked for fit to the frame. In Sophie’s case, this time-saving strategy resulted in an ideal fit straight away, allowing the veneering porcelain to be applied onto it by one of our talented ceramists for the natural appearance of real dentition.

7.scan-flags-for-trios

The biscuit bake try-in was provided with an application of pink wax mimicking soft tissue to later be replaced by porcelain. This system using try-in appointments gives an opportunity to the restoring surgeon and patient to spend time with our proposition for the final restoration. On this basis, Sophie herself was able to decide on the perfect tooth proportion and aesthetic pink ceramic contour, papilla length, and colour she wanted and felt right with.

10.high-smile-for-pink-transition
11.natural-smile-for-tooth-shapes

Final result

The definitive bridge, on the model, and in the mouth, show how carefully the design has to be considered for soft tissue support and contour. Here the degree of acceptable blanching is visible as the bridge is tightened. At the biscuit bake stage the surgeon had suggested to Sophie to have the canine tips softened for an appearance more appropriate with Sophie’s facial features. Further adjustments to the proposed try-in were not required at finalisation by patient or surgeon in this case; the technician transferred the soft tissue contours from wax into porcelain and added characterisation and vitality to the teeth for the patient’s final appointment. 

Three month review showing now tissue loss a great tooth proportions, a lovely lateral profile and natural looking pink gum work.

12.final-bridge
14.great-result,-delighted-patient

Conclusion

On leaving The Implant Center at her final appointment Sophie kindly left a testimonial with us that demonstrates how our professional cooperation between TIC and CDL have made a lasting positive impact.

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